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Volume 3, Issue 5, SeptemberPages: To cite this article: International Journal of Literature and Arts. Allusion as a prominent literary device is commonly utilized by playwrights to further clarify the scenes and strengthen the meaning of the targeted situation.
William Shakespeare has made use of many types of allusion in his plays, including mythological, literary, cultural, biblical…etc. Introduction One of the literary devices through which playwrights beautify their plays is allusion. They further demonstrate their artistic skills via using various types of allusion.
Depending on the cultural, historical, literary, religious, political and mythological knowledge, a tentative audience has to figure out why the dramatist utilizes a specific allusion in a specific situation within a scene.
In other words, it is up to the audience to grasp the significance of any allusion inserted by the playwrights, and, furthermore, to comprehend the purpose behind selecting the allusion by the playwright in that specific place.
Elizabethan age, undoubtedly, is considered to be golden era of English drama; the age presented many intelligent playwrights whose works remain influential even nowadays. The brightest one among them was William Shakespeare whose plays have been performed in many countries all around the world, and they have been translated for lots of languages worldwide.
Henry Miller believes that "people simply do not read Shakespeare anymore, nor the Bible either. They read about Shakespeare.
The critical literature that has built up about his name and works is vastly more fruitful and stimulating than Shakespeare himself" qtd. Therefore, it is utmost pleasure to study his magnificent works even in twenty-first century.
In his plays, he endeavored to touch every aspect of human life by shedding light on miscellaneous themes. To decorate the thematic facets and intensify on-stage feelings, he masterfully made use of various allusions. Regardless to the type of the allusion, several references are repeated in his plays.
Heracles Hercules One of the names that are heard, learned and easily memorized early in childhood is Hercules. Heracles whom the Romans [as well as Shakespeare in his tragedies] called Hercules was without doubt the most famous and popular ancient Greco-Roman hero Nardo He was the son of the god Zeus and of a mortal, Alcmene, who was the wife of Amphitryon of Thebes.
While Amphitryon was at war, Zeus visited Alcmene disguised as her husband. He wished to father a son that would be a champion of both human and gods. This son was Heracles Kathleen His outstanding bravery and limitless courage and power have been depicted in many literary works from classical to the contemporary literature.
Waith believes that "Hercules was for many Greeks and Romans and for many men of the Renaissance the hero of heroes,….
The number of striking allusions shows that the English playwrights I discuss were aware of resemblances between their heroes and Hercules, though there is no indication that any one depiction of him served as a model" Yet, the origin of the legend still remains ambiguous.
According to Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman Mythology: Some stories of Heracles were Greek and Roman in origin, but others were adaptations of legends from the wider ancient world.
It is likely that intermingling and overlapping traditions of local heroes from different regions have been amalgamated into the figure of Heracles.
Under the circumstances, it is not surprising that the image that emerges of the hero is complex and at times contradictory, and that a chronological narrative of his adventures is difficult.
Roman and Roman Despite of the unclearness of the legend, Shakespeare vigorously used Heracles on occasions in different plays, for instance in Hamlet, he alluded to the Greco-roman hero directly.
The Prince contrasts himself with Hercules because he is in melancholy and annihilation he expresses earlier on in the speech, when he wishes that his flesh would melt or that he were permitted by the Almighty to kill himself Rutter Hamlet, here, through comparing himself with Hercules, compares his father to his scheming uncle.
He displays that the dissimilarity between his father and Claudius is just like the difference between himself and Hercules.
Moreover, from the very beginning of the tragedy, even before knowing that his father was murdered, Hamlet perchance wants to introduce himself to the audiences as inactive, unlike Hercules who fulfilled seemingly impossible tasks.
The graveyard scene is another place where Hamlet refers to Hercules. Knowing that the corpse is Ophelia, Hamlet jumps into the grave and challenges Laertes.
At the end of the scene Hamlet says: Hear you, sir; What is the reason that you use me thus? I loved you ever: Hamlet compares Laertes to Hercules.Shakespeare uses dramatic irony numerous times throughout the play in order to underscore motifs of mischief, deception, and distrust.
Metaphor: Hamlet is rife with metaphors, the most persistent and notable of which are those about the natural world.
Hamlet compares the world to “an unweeded garden” to describe its current problems. Allusions and direct references both enable audiences and readers to picture what Shakespeare is talking about. Allusions An allusion is an indirect reference to a person, a place, a thing, or an idea in mythology, literature, history, or everyday life.
An Analysis of Christie's Use of Literary Allusions in Shakespearean PAGES 3. WORDS View Full Essay. More essays like this: agatha christie, literary allusions, by the pricking of my thumbs. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed. - Jenna Kraig, student @ UCLA. Allusion as a prominent literary device is commonly utilized by playwrights to further clarify the scenes and strengthen the meaning of the targeted situation. Explicating the allusions by drama teachers makes it easier to the students to comprehend the dramatist’s purpose behind using the right allusion in the right spot of time.
William Shakespeare has made use of many types of allusion in. 'Taken at the Flood' - the title of the book is an extract from a speech by Brutus in Shakespeare's Julius Ceaser.
The name Enoch Arden, used as a pseudonym by a character in the book, is the title of a poem by Alfred, Lord Tennyson. ELA-Literacy.W Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research One challenge many students face is keeping track of the many literary allusions they come across in a work, including their meanings and how the allusions enhance the work as a whole.