The utilization of soil, water, coal, electricity, oil, gas and nuclear energy is very important for the development of nation.
Nature has provided bountiful resources surrounding us for sustenance of a better life. Thus, any part of our natural environment such as land, water, air, minerals, forest, grassland, wildlife, fish or even human population that man can utilize to promote his welfare, may be considered as Natural Resources.
These resources, along with human resources and capital, play a crucial role for expansion to national output which ultimately drives towards economic development.
Hence, the existence or the absence of favorable natural resources can facilitate or retard the process of economic development. Natural resources include land, forests, wildlife resources, fisheries, water resources, energy resources, marine resources, and mineral resources.
These resources are usually known to man. But nature possesses more in its bosom which is still undiscovered. For example, the vast resources of solar, wind, tidal and geothermal energy are yet to be fully discovered and utilized. Man is required to develop scientific techniques for their proper utilization.
Out of all those natural resources, some are exhaustible or nonrenewable type such as minerals and oils which can be used only one time.
Once exhausted, they are depleted completely. But some others, like land, water, fisheries and forests are renewable or non-exhaustible in nature. If proper care is taken, they can be utilized endlessly. Hence for sustainable development, careful use of the exhaustible resources and maintenance of the quality of renewable resources are needed.
For that, certain objectives should be followed. Objectives for Natural Resources Development i Conversation of renewable resources and economic use of exhaustible resources for sustainable development.
A Land Resources The total land area of India is of 32, 87, sq. But statistical information is available for only 93 per cent of total area.
Out of this the productive or cultivable land is only 47 per cent. Rest 19 per cent comes under forest, 9 per cent as fallow lands, 11 per cent as cultivable waste land and others.
Figures of availability of arable land per capita reveal that India is not favorably placed in this respect. When India accounts for 15 per cent of world population, it possesses only 2. Hence efforts should be taken to increase cultivable area.
Now it is trying to add fallow lands and cultivable waste lands which account for 20 per cent to net area sown and to increase the area under double cropping using modern scientific techniques. B Forest Resources Forests are an important renewable natural resources that contribute substantially to economic development.
They provide raw materials to a number of important industries, namely, matchboxes, paper, newsprint, rayon, furniture, construction, tanning etc. Apart from timbers and woods, forests are rich sources of varieties of valuable plants for medicine, spices, dyes, bamboo, canes, grasses, lac, gums, tanning materials etc.
From checking of wood and soil erosion to wild life protection, rainfall, human recreation, water sheds and balance of nature, forests play a major role in enhancing quality of environment. The total area under forest is of This area is gradually decreasing year after year due to deforestation.
Forest area is concentrated in few States like Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and a few union territories, but it is deficient in northern India. There is a need to develop forest areas in the entire country. C Forest Policy The forest area is decreasing very fast day by day.
Hence the Government of India declared its forest policy in to increase the forest areas.Essay on Natural Resources Article shared by Soil, wood, oil. minerals, petroleum, water are considered natural resources because they occur in their natural form and are not made by human beings.
Natural Resources Essay 5 ( words) Resources obtained from nature are called natural resources and are very essential for survival on earth for human being. Natural resources are air, water, sunlight, forest, land, rock, soil, petroleum, metal and minerals.
Land, sunlight, wind and rock have unlimited availability on the earth. natural resources. CONSEVATISM OF NATURAL RESOURCES Man in his lust for materialistic world is destroying the beauty of the earth. For satisfying his needs, he is exploiting the natural resources thoughtlessly.
Every activity that man indulges in creates a waste of somekind.
Long and Short Essay on Natural Resources in English Natural Resources Essay – 1 ( words) Natural resources are the resources that are available naturally on our planet.
We do not require any human intervention to derive them. These resources are essential for the survival of living beings. While some of the natural resources such as air. Natural resources are the materials we use from nature to make the things we need.
Air, water, plants, and animals are all examples of natural resources. Soil, wood, oil. minerals, petroleum, water are considered natural resources because they occur in their natural form and are not made by human beings. Humans can only modify natural resources. The energy that makes natural resources comes from geochemical, geophysical and solar energy.