Research is undertaken in both social sciences as well as science subjects such as physics and biology.
No pre-planned design for analysis. Pre-planned design for analysis. Definition of Exploratory Research As the name implies, the primary objective of exploratory research is to explore a problem to provide insights into and comprehension for more precise investigation.
It focuses on the discovery of ideas and thoughts. The exploratory research design is suitable for studies which are flexible enough to provide an opportunity for considering all the aspects of the problem. At this point, the required information is loosely defined, and the research process is flexible and unstructured.
It is used in the situation when you must define the problem correctly, identify alternative courses of actions, develop a hypothesis, gain additional insights before the development of an approach, set priorities for further examination. The following methods are used for conducting exploratory research Survey of concerning literature Analysis of insights stimulating Definition of Descriptive Research By the term descriptive research, we mean a type of conclusive research study which is concerned with describing the characteristics of a particular individual or group.
It includes research related to specific predictions, features or functions of person or group, the narration of facts, etc.
The descriptive research aims at obtaining complete and accurate information for the study, the method adopted must be carefully planned. The researcher should precisely define what he wants to measure?
How does he want to measure? He should clearly define the population under study. It uses methods like quantitative analysis of secondary data, surveys, panels, observations, interviews, questionnaires, etc.
Descriptive Research concentrates on formulating the research objective, designing methods for the collection of data, selection of the sample, data collection, processing, and analysis, reporting the results. Key Differences Between Exploratory and Descriptive Research The difference between exploratory and descriptive research can be drawn clearly on the following grounds: Research conducted for formulating a problem for more clear investigation is called exploratory research.
Research that explore and explains an individual, group or a situation, is called descriptive research. The exploratory research aims at the discovery of ideas and thoughts whereas the primary purpose of descriptive research is to describe the characteristics and functions.
The overall design of the exploratory research should be flexible enough so that it provides an opportunity to consider various aspects of the problem.
On the contrary, in descriptive research, the overall design should be rigid which protects against bias and also maximise reliability. The research process is unstructured in exploratory research.
However, it is structured in the case of descriptive research.
As opposed to descriptive research where probability random sampling design is used. When it comes to statistical design, exploratory research has no pre-planned design for analysis.• Descriptive research, being quantitative in nature, is restrictive in terms of open ended questions, which can be better answered using exploratory research.
• Flexibility of design is offered by exploratory research more than by descriptive research. • Descriptive research is used more to arrive at statistical tools such as mean, average, median and frequency. An exploratory research is a non-formal research. A formal research is the kind that we do that is expected to comply with certain forms, standards and peer-critiquing.
Descriptive research is a quantitative one that is categorized with correlational and causal studies. Exploratory research, as the name implies, intends merely to explore the research questions and does not intend to offer final and conclusive solutions to existing problems.
This type of research is usually conducted to study a problem that has not been clearly defined yet. Exploratory research will answer the basic questions related to who, where, what when, why and how if descriptive research but then descriptive research will answer the final questions related to the market.
The main difference between exploratory and descriptive research is that the first does not follow standardized methods but the second does. Exploratory research is research conducted for a problem that has not been studied more clearly, intended to establish priorities, develop operational definitions and improve the final research design.
Exploratory research is defined as the initial research into a hypothetical or theoretical idea. This is where a researcher has an idea or has observed something and seeks to understand more about it.