Lead How I Did It: Now he runs a growing cleaning business. How visiting a shopping mall parking lot changed everything.
Download original report pdf Suburban shopping centers have come into existence, grown in size, and increased in number not because they offer new products or better stores than are to be found in central business districts, but because they are convenient.
Metropolitan areas have grown rapidly in recent years, but the growth has taken place for the most part outside of the central city. Central business districts which were relatively adequate to handle the number taking their income into account of people in metropolitan areas a decade and a half ago, are now cramped, crowded and clogged with street traffic.
Shopping centers in suburban areas are nearer the population they serve in driving timeoffer a relatively large if sometimes inadequate amount of conveniently located off-street parking, and fit in with the patterns of suburban living described by Burgess and other urban sociologists as long as twenty-five years ago.
The farther out from the center of the city that a family lives, the less time the man of the family spends at home. Whatever the social consequences of this situation, it results also in greater dependence on the woman to maintain the day-to-day life of the family.
She must run the household and do the shopping, and cannot afford the longer trip to parking lot cleaning business plan center of the city — a trip which may have to be taken on slow and crowded public transportation, or by car over congested and hazardous roads with no guarantee that there will be a place to park the car once the central business district has been reached.
Shopping center business is drawn almost entirely from people who live within a maximum of thirty minutes driving time over local roads, and most customers live closer.
General definition of a shopping center A shopping center is a group of retail stores planned and designed for the site on which they are built, located away from the central business district, to serve the shopping needs of new suburban and fringe growth.
Every shopping center that we know of has a supermarket a large retail grocery in it, and the supermarket is either the largest traffic generator of the shopping center, or is secondary only to a department store in the center. Shopping centers may be distinguished between those that are dominated by a supermarket or retail grocery, and whose secondary store is a drug store or variety store; and those that are dominated by a department store, and whose secondary store is a supermarket, or another department store.
The two types of shopping centers will parking lot cleaning business plan considerably in their area requirements, the number and types of stores, and the annual gross business.
They differ also in the trade area served, and the types of shopping needs fulfilled. The present report shows how the analysis previously described relates to the gross acreage, parking and site design requirements of a shopping center. Finally the report describes some of the zoning provisions already enacted for shopping centers and comments on some of the problems for city planners raised by shopping centers.
A Shopper's View of the Shopping Center The planner is concerned primarily with the shopper and his her trip to the shopping center only after the shopper is driving on the road and up to the time that he enters one of the stores in the center.
After that, we leave him to the world of stretchable hose and non-stretchable budgets. The planner is most concerned with four stages of the shopper's trip — the road he travels to get to the center,the point at which he leaves this road and enters the center, the search for an unoccupied parking space, and the walk to the stores.
Shopping center developers, as shown in the earlier reports, must consider many facts which are not strictly within city planning jurisdiction, such as the trade potential of the area surrounding the shopping center, and the types of stores that should be located in a particular shopping center.
As final plans for the shopping center begin to emerge, showing the size and layout of the stores, parking area, and service areas, the planner becomes vitally concerned. In fact, we believe there is enough information available on the principles and practices of shopping center development for the planner to be concerned about possible zone locations for shopping centers even before a shopping center is proposed for his area.
This report tries, therefore, to cover the stages of the shopper's progress that concern the planner and indicate the difficulties encountered along the way.
The Trip to the Shopping Center Thirty minutes driving time is currently the accepted limit of the market area of a major regional shopping center, which might serve up topeople.
The area enclosed within the thirty-minute driving time has to be calculated according to the condition and congestion of the streets and is not always in direct ratio to linear distance.
Five miles of expressway may be traversed more quickly than five blocks of crowded business section. Shopping center developers recommend traffic counts of the major streets serving the center, not so much as an indication of the business potentiality, but as a check on the congestion already existing and an aid in predicting the traffic situation after the center is opened.
As a matter of self-preservation, developers and architects recommend further studies, including the future road-construction programs in the area, and future housing developments and population movements in the area, so that other effects on business and traffic may be determined.
Once the gross annual volume of business of the center has been estimated, the average number of cars using the center daily may be estimated. Also the peak traffic, in and out, may be estimated, and the time of day at which peak loads will occur may be determined see below: To the normal present and future traffic loads of the roads serving the center must be added the traffic generated by the center, and the totals must be compared with the capacity of the roads.
If the roads do not have the extra capacity to handle the future traffic loads, new road construction should be in the offing, or the center should be located elsewhere.
If possible, the site selected for a new shopping center should be adequately serviced by existing public roads. Off the Road and Into the Center Crowded highway intersections have long been considered good commercial locations, but the problem of access to the shopping development is receiving much fuller consideration in modern shopping center planning.
The key to the access problem is not the volume of traffic passing the center, but the density. As traffic surveys have often shown, the total number of cars passing a given point on a road the volume eventually drops as the density gets close to the saturation point.
The reason for this relationship is simple. The closer the cars are packed together, the slower they must go. In such dense traffic, as might be said to characterize the rush hour traffic of some Los Angeles freeways or the Chicago Outer Drive, tie-ups and delays are also more frequent, and more costly in terms of highway efficiency.
The roads having highest volumes are those on which the cars are spaced further apart and travel at higher speeds with relative safety. Both the high-density and high-volume roads offer problems of access to the shopping center. On the high-density, fairly slow-moving road, it will be difficult for drivers to maneuver into position to turn off.
On high speed roads, ample warning must be given the driver that he is approaching an exit, and the exits into the center must be designed with safety features that take the higher speeds into account. Few shopping centers will be served by high-speed, limited-access roads.
Shopping centers being constructed in developing areas will be served by an existing road network which may not be adequate to handle the traffic that will arise when the shopping center is completed and the area is built-up. The points of access from the roads to the shopping center should be adequate to accommodate traffic at the busiest hours of the center.Home / Cleaning & Janitorial Services / Street Sweeper & Parking Lot Cleaning Service – Business & Marketing Plan Bundle $ INSTANT DOWNLOAD AFTER PURCHASE – GET STARTED TODAY!
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