When writers employ good reasoning, it is called "cogent.
Introduction Many students and researchers are still confused about how to write good academic papers of various different kinds in English.
Academic writing must be distinguished from other formal styles of writing such as official and business as stated by Jordan p. The ultimate aim of this essay will be to analyse the role that language discourse functions have in such texts and give suggestions on how to overcome the challenges that might arise from such characteristics and functions for non-native speakers of English.
Hamp-Lyons and Poolep. They state that academic writing is a formal piece of paper for which credit has to be given to the writer and that the work will contain specific grammatical patterns, organisation and argument.
They outline the formality of academic writing suggesting it comes from its readers who must be academics. Its contents that must be a serious thought and it should be constructed using a variety of complex grammatical structures which have no errors.
The vocabulary utilised should be varied and of a technical level appropriate to the subject matter. This will be discussed further in Section 3.
Moreover, Anderson and Poolep. They assert that the first step must be to define the problem which involves determining what is being asked in the question or the title.
It must address a topic or title clearly. It has some characteristics that must be addressed in the text such as accuracy, organisation, argument, coherence, cohesion, appropriateness and referencing. These characteristics help the reader to understand the academic problem in a crucial way by discussing many points of view relating to it.
Many researchers such as Anderson and PooleJordan, Hamp-Lyons and HeasleyTreciakGreethamBrown and Hood and Carter discuss those features in different ways. I have outlined the main characteristics under the following sub-headings: Organisation When we talk about organisation in academic writing, we really need to focus on a clear introduction, body and conclusion.
The progression of ideas and paragraphing must be clear and supported with examples. We also have to present a reasonable number of alternative points of view and to achieve a sense of argumentation. He thinks that the introduction is a key part in which the writer must interpret the title or question and tell the readers the map that they are going to follow through the piece of writing.
He also emphasises that the paragraphs, which are in the main body of the academic writing, must follow the map the writer outlined in the introduction. He recommends that the writer should have a topic sentence for each paragraph which gives the reader a brief description about what is going to follow.
Regarding conclusions, Greetham p.
They believe that the introduction has to begin with an obvious statement of the problem and provide the readers with all essential data that is to follow.
Anderson and Poolep. They believe that the conclusion should present the results of the investigation and provide a solution to the problem that has been set. Furthermore, the conclusion can be used to suggest further areas of investigation. Although both Greetham and Anderson and Poole generally emphasise the significance of organisation in the academic text at the same level, I strongly agree with Anderson and Poole especially in terms of having an argument in the body.
I feel that academic writing is created to have an argument that must be developed throughout the body especially at postgraduate humanities level. I also believe that examples play an important role to convince the readers with your point of view.
You have to approach the task in a direct and efficient way. The development of the argument must be relevant, accurate and appropriate. Davies believes that successful academic writing must address a topic or title clearly.
When doing a final review of your work, it is important to focus on the relationships between the ideas that have been discussed. In addition, online resources can be invaluable in order to provide excellent definitions of key words such as analyse, define, criticize, discuss, describe, explain, justify, illustrate and many more.
Accuracy In accuracy, we have to have high standards of grammar, word choice, vocabulary, spelling and punctuation. Brown and Hoodpp.
Therefore, they provide many examples, exercises and strategies to avoid having mistakes that generally cause confusion. For example, the use of comma in the following statements changes the meaning as shown below: The passengers, who travelled early, were killed in the accident.Essay Writing Academic Skills Advice Sheet Insert your text here.
Essay writing is an essential part of almost any degree programme. In order to write good essays, you have to write in an academic style. Criteria and techniques for academic writing Skills Practiced Reading comprehension - ensure that you draw the most important information from the related lesson on characteristics of academic writing.
Although writers often wish to delay announcement of the thesis, good academic writing generally states the thesis explicitly on the first page, then returns to . Good academic writing, no matter the discipline, field, or genre, is characterized by: Starting with Good Ideas.
Writers should first be concerned with their ideas and translating these ideas into readable prose for their intended audience. grupobittia.com can provide you with the writing that will include all the characteristics of a good research paper.
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Writing is not one task with a specific, unchanging set of rules. Consequently, it’s often counterproductive to classify writing as “Good” or “Bad” because doing so assumes an oversimplified view of what writing is.