The contact with supreme beings in the epic of gilgamesh and the hebrew bible

Two Flood Sample essay topic, essay writing: Two Flood - words A Comparison of Flood Stories The Hebrew Flood story of Noah and his obligation to preserve man kind after God had punished all living creatures for their inequities parallels The Epic of Gilgamesh in several ways. Even though these two compilations are passed on orally at different times in history the similarities and differences invoke deliberation when these stories are compared. Numerous underlining themes are illustrated throughout each story.

The contact with supreme beings in the epic of gilgamesh and the hebrew bible

These Sumerian sources deal with the same events - the creation of Man, its subsequent modification into a modern man or Homo sapiens, the existence of god-kings, the coming of the Deluge, and many of the subsequent events of recorded history.

There is a large body of religious literature besides the Book of Genesis which deals with the period before the Deluge.

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Sources such as the three books of Enochthe Book of Jubilees, the Gnostic teachings, the Dead Sea scrollsthe Haggadah or the oral tradition of the Jews, the Rabbinical writings, the works of Josephus, and many works of the Pseudepigrapha.

Much of what is not intelligible in these ancient religious writings is explained in part in the large library of available Sumerian, Babylonian and other cuneiform inscriptions. It will be demonstrated that the Scriptures and Sumerian literature, regarded in a historical context, and stripped of their spiritual and mythological verbiage, support and augment each other remarkably.

For it is clear that Sumer was the fountainhead for the events and stories of the Old Testament and other Western religious writings. Much as Biblical apologists have tried to avoid or cloud the issue of the origin of the Old Testament, the historical facts clearly show that its antecedents are in the valley of Mesopotamia.

The Sumerian culture, which can be traced as far back as the beginning of the Fourth Millennium BC, was the source of all the myths of Middle Eastern civilizations that followed, such as the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian people who inherited much of the Sumerian culture.

This culture was subsequently transferred to the west to the lands of Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, and Anatolia. The actual language of the Sumerians was superseded rather early by Akkadian, a Semitic tongue.

Sumerian is non-Semitic and its origins are unknown. It seems to have no affinities at all and to have suddenly appeared on Earth out of nowhere.

The Akkadians and Sumerians later intermingled and eventually formed a fusion of the two languages. The Hebrews did not invent their language or literary forms - their culture was inherited from the older Mesopotamian and Canaanite cultures.

It should be more widely realized that when those famous Biblical figures Noah and Abraham lived, there was no such thing as a Hebrew in existence. Both the Jews and Arabs traditionally claim descendancy from Abraham who was neither Jew nor Arab but a resident of the city of Ur in Mesopotamia.

In their eagerness to prove Hebrew antiquity, translators have incorrectly referred to Abraham as such in Genesis A fugitive brought the news to Abram the Hebrew who was camping at the terebinths of Mamre the Amorite, kinsman of Eshkol and Aner, these being the confederates of Abram.

Manifestly both he and Lot were visitors or travellers. The translation of the word "ibri" as "Hebrew" has no linguistic support.

The root "br" means "to pass through or to cross. In reality, the news was brought to Abraham that his nephew, his friend and fellow-traveller, had been captured by the invaders. Interestingly, in the Ethiopic linguistic traditions, in some of the oldest of all modern-day civilizations, the word "bir" means "dollar bill.

In the Akkadian version of the Gilgamesh Epic, his friend Enkidu, with whom Gilgamesh shares most of his adventures, is referred to as "ibru. This definition fits the situation of Abraham and Lot perfectly. For example, after his battle with the invading army he had to report to Melchizedek, the King of Salem, where he paid a tithe of ten percent of all the loot which had been recovered.

This Melchizedek, King of Salem, is the man from whom the later Order of Melchizedek originated; and his name presumably has some sort of occult significance in the pseudonym of the modern "prophet" John Grace, more popularly known as Drunvalo Melchizedek.

Abraham had a later confrontation at Beersheba with Abimelech, who made it clear that he was in command of the land, backing up his claim with troops led by General Phicol.

Abraham later had to purchase a plot of land in order to bury his wife Sarah; he paid shekels of silver for this land, an extremely large amount of money for a small piece of land containing a cave. While this sum was abnormally high, Abraham as a foreigner was in no position to demur.

These activities of Abraham were not the actions of a native, and Abraham lived among the Canaanites with their forbearance. It was the custom if not the law of the land that a stranger or alien could not own landed property.

This probably accounts for the high price that Abraham had to pay. On the other hand, most of the Sumerian stories and legends were composed and published about BC or not long afterwards. The cuneiform tablet versions reported events that took place before the Deluge as well as activities just after the event.

Immanuel Velikovsky, including that entire segment of ancient history that was duplicated due to mass contemporaneous confusion and only reinterpreted in this century in the book Ages In Chaos - then this part of Genesis was written while the Nibiruans were in this vicinity to "dictate it" to their demi-god scribes.

If the activities of Abraham can be dated to about BC, and his antecedents are in Mesopotamia, then all the events of the Old Testament which took place before Abraham and the Deluge must have had their origin among the indigenous people.

What is not often perceived is that the Jews had at their disposal a vast store of creation and other myths wholly unknown to us, from which they borrowed selectively.

For instance, we know that the Eden of the Bible was located in the river delta region of Mesopotamia, and that the story of the creation of Adam is a Sumerian account.Accuracy in Epic of Gilgamesh and The Hebrew Bible Essay Words 6 Pages There is much debate over the historical accuracy of the Hebrew Bible and The Epic of Gilgamesh.

The contact with supreme beings in the epic of gilgamesh and the hebrew bible

the Comparison of the Flood in the Epic of Gilgamesh and the Hebrew Bible In the Epic of Gilgamesh, first written around B.C., 1 the Flood is told in the eleventh tablet to prove that Gilgamesh’s quest for immortality is impossible.

2 Warned by Ea, Utnapishtim built an ark to survive the Flood which was brought up by Enlil and thus got immortality.

The Epic of Gilgamesh has been of interest to Christians ever since its discovery in the mid-nineteenth century in the ruins of the great library at Nineveh, with its account of a universal flood with significant parallels to the Flood of Noah's day.

1, 2 The rest of the Epic, which dates back to. The epic of Gilgamesh, written by the Sumerians between B.C. and B.C., is the most famous parallel to the story of Noah in the bible. It focuses on the king of Uruk Gilgamesh, and his quest for immortality after the death of his friend.

Hebrew "Elohim" is grammatically a plural form and is often translated as "God" at times but also "Gods" or "divine beings" at other times, mainly because the text is often ambiguous.

Generally, the name for the deity is "El" which appears to be the generic term for the . The relationship between humanity and the divine in this poem, then, is a symbiotic one in which, unlike in many other poems from polytheistic societies, humans are as important a part of the.

The Spirit of God in Genesis | Dr. Claude Mariottini – Professor of Old Testament